Montevideo’s resilience journey
Montevideo’s most important sources of income are generated by agricultural and livestock production, particularly soy, beef, and dairy. However, fluctuations in global commodity prices and less effective domestic production methods have contributed to an economic slowdown, leading to rising unemployment in the capital. The impact of this stress is compounded by declining tax revenue, which renders the city unable to adequately maintain public services including urban transportation, waste management, and neighborhood clinics.
Montevideo also faces the environmental challenge of rainfall flooding, which disproportionately affects vulnerable populations living on flood plains. The city hopes to build resilience through early warning systems, clear evacuation plans, and mechanisms to recover lost property.
Meet the Chief Resilience Officer
Chief Resilience Officer
Soledad Mantero Álvarez is an urban planner, who graduated from Simón Bolívar University, Caracas, Venezuela in 1986. She completed postgraduate studies in Systems Engineering at SBU in 1990, early on incorporating the systems approach and methodology for the resolution of challenges and problems in territorial management. She then specialized in the use of geographic information systems (GIS) for urban planning at the International Institute for Aerospace Studies and Earth Sciences (ITC) in the Netherlands.
Soledad has extensive experience in consulting on the design, implementation, and evaluation of public policies linked to land management, with a systemic and interdisciplinary approach. She has worked in collaboration with national and local governments and international organizations including IDB, CAF, UNDP, UNESCO, and AECID, in Uruguay, Venezuela, Mexico, and Spain.
In recent years, Soledad has focused her career on the integration of emerging issues linked to new global dynamics in territorial planning processes, particularly adaptation to climate variability and change, nature-based urban design solutions (NBS), and integration of the circularity paradigm in cities and urban resilience.
She was a consultant for the National System of Response to Climate Change (Uruguay), where she was in charge of drafting the first Strategic Plan of Response to Climate Change (2010) and the Guidelines for the Inclusion of Climate Change Measures in Territorial Planning Instruments (2012). She also drafted the Metropolitan Region Climate Plan (2011).
Since 2017, Soledad has been a member of the Executive Resilience Unit of the Planning Department of the City of Montevideo, currently serving as Montevideo’s representative in the Resilient Cities Network in her role as CRO.